What is female tubal ligation procedure:
Tubal ligation, female sterilization method, is the process by which are sectioned and ligated fallopian tubes. Located on both sides of the uterus, they function is to retrieve the egg expelled by the ovary once a month at the time of ovulation and direct it to the uterus. After its fertilization by sperm arrived in the uterus after intercourse and their subsequent movement, it will develop intrauterine fetus. By interrupting communication between fallopian tube and uterus, ovary ovum expelled will not be able to reach into the uterus and fertilization will not occur. Tubal ligation is done in the hospital. Generally you can manifest this tubal ligation option during pregnancy. You will communicate with the doctor and you will decide together when surgery it will be done. Some doctors practice tubal ligation immediately after birth, others find it optimal to be practiced at about 6 weeks after birth.
How is tubal ligation performed:
After a normal birth, it will be done subumbilical a small incision that will permit to enter into the peritoneal cavity, it will be highlighted at the bottom of the uterus and fallopian tubes, it will be sectioned a part of isthmic portion (located in the proximity of the uterus) and it will be ligated both free ends . This way it will be no communication path between fallopian tube to the uterus and the egg can no longer reach the uterus. Tubal ligation can also be done using a laparoscope. The surgery itself lasts no more than 20-30 minutes and usually the next day you can go home.
Tubal ligation disadvantages:
Approximately 60-80% of women who underwent a tubal ligation which seeks dissolution of trompe ligature may have tubal ectopic pregnancies. For these reasons it is good that tubal ligation decision to be irrevocable.
Tubal ligation risks:
About 1/1000 of women who have done to tubal ligation procedure developed a complication. These include: reactions to anesthesia, pelvic infections, damage of blood vessels with subsequent bleeding, damage to the bladder or bowel .
Tubal ligation advantages:
Tubal ligation immediately after birth has the following advantages: the patient is already hospitalized and does not require further hospitalization, the patient is already prepared for a medical-surgical act as birth, uterus with its upper portion is in a ascension position making it much easier the intervention, in case of cesarean delivery we have already opened the abdominal wall without the need of further incisions specifically for that intervention. Tubal ligation provides permanent protection against the following possible deliveries, adverse effects are minimal, the libido is not affected. It particularly protects women who have health problems and who could not bear a delivery.
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
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