What does organ transplant mean?
Organ transplant is replacing an organ that can no longer perform its functions properly due to trauma or disease processes or the organ becomes even dangerous for body, with another organ which can take on the role of the sick one. In order to achieve the organ transplant is necessary the existence of two key persons: the receiver and the donor. The donor may be a living person or a recently deceased person. It is good to know that not all body organs can be transplanted.
Patients waiting for organ transplant: :
- Kidney: Kidney transplant is done if you are affected by lupus, polycystic kidney disease or advanced diabetic nephropathy. Kidney transplant is the organ transplantation most often used. Kidney transplant can can be done from a living donor or a deceased one;
- Heart: Heart transplant is done if the heart is severely affected by renal failure, ischemic heart disease, cardio-myopathy. Heart transplantation can be done from a deceased donor;
- Lungs: Lung transplant is done if you are affected by cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lung transplantation can be performed from a living donor or a deceased donor;
- Pancreas: Pancreas transplantation is performed in patients with diabetes and the donor is a deceased donor;
- Liver: Liver transplantation is generally done when the liver is damaged by the liver cirrhosis. The donor can be a living or deceased person;
- Skin: skin transplant is done most often post-traumatic or after removal of large tumors;
- Bowels: Bowel transplant is especially done when there is a tumor or trauma.
- Stem cells: stem cell transplantation belongs to regenerative medicine, the aim being stimulation of the organ or body segment that are missing;
- Tissue transplantation: Tissue transplant can be done to the cornea, bones, tendons, heart valves, veins;
Transplant medicine finds a transplant method that will solve the problem itself and it should prevent rejection of the transplanted organ. Patients experiencing very advanced chronic diseases and drug therapies and who can not cope with them, can have indications for organ transplant.
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
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