What is skin grafting and skin grafts :
Skin grafting or Skin grafts care are often used for burn patients, with extensive skin loss due to an extensive wounding. After traumatic events, some people need skin grafts to help natural growth of skin. These skin grafts are performed using a section of a person’s skin from a healthy area – they are named autografts.
Types of skin grafts:
In the last years, it was developed an alternative form of skin grafts that do not require skin to be taken from a donor site of your body. In fact, there are two major alternatives : one uses layers of porcine skin and they are named xenografts and the other uses allografts taken from other human or cadavers.
Allografts products are used in some situations to heal skin damage such as abdominal tears or surgival incisions.
Allografts and xenografts are used especially to buy time for the patient in most cases.
Autografts are classified in :
- split- thickness graft : it is used for the shallowest wounds, the wounds that affect only the epidermis and a part of dermis. In this case, the doctor will remove only a few layers of skin from your donor site.
- full-thickness grafts : it involves all three skin layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis to be removed from your donor site and they include hair follicles, sweat glands and blood vessels.
- tissue expansion: the surgeon will insert an instrument known as balloon expander under the skin and this instrument will make the skin to stretch and grow.
The benefits of skin grafting:
- It improves the wound healing;
- it prevents infection and unsightly scars
Risks of skin grafting:
- pain/ ulceration;
- skin redness around the graft area
You can be an ideal candidate for skin grafts if you have full- thickness burns, scars, venous ulcers, skin tumors, pressure sores, deep laceration ; most skin grafting procedure in these cases being successful .
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
Please feel free to get in touch if you have any questions or comments. Your feedback welcome!