What is the addition of bone ( bone grafting) ?
Bone grafting is a procedure to add bone or to help your body to produce new bone tissue in the jaw area where there is a bone resorption caused by infection or areas where there are old toothless.
Where is used the bone grafting ?
The most common utilization of the bone grafting is in the insertion of dental implants.
Bone grafts are required in cases where there is a consistent lack of bone volume, in terms of depth, width, ridge height and the width from left to right.
It requires sufficient amount of three-dimensional bone to ensure the integration of the implant. The improvement of the bone height, which is very difficult to obtain – it is very important to ensure the anchoring of implants because that must withstand to the mechanical stress of chewing, just like a natural tooth.
What are materials are used for bone grafting ?
A wide range of addition materials and substances may be used during the addition / replacement of the bone. These include the patient own bone (autograft) or artificial bone. Although these substances are not really bone, they form a matrix around which your own bone can be synthesized (can increase).
The surgical procedure of bone grafting:
The dentist raise the gum to expose the jaw bone , the addition material is placed in this place and then a membrane is applied in this area.The place where the addition were done is allowed to heal for several months.
When performing a bone graft is recommended?
Regenerative surgery is a treatment for periodontitis, one of the most common gum disease. People diagnosed with this condition will face with the lost of gum tissue and tooth bone structure that supports the tooth. The regenerative surgery aims to stimulate the recovery of the gingiva and alveolar bone.
What are the possible complications?
Complications of bone grafting procedure are rare but they can include infection or opening of gum tissue over lapped and subsequent exposure of the bone. The exposure of the bone during healing can lead to partial or total loss of the bone graft. Also, touching nerves is theoretically possible, if the surgery is performed very close to them , and the healing may take several weeks.
Smoking, chewing crunchy foods after bone grafting surgery and inadequate oral washes can cause inflammation, infection or the opening of gum tissue thus putting in danger the bone grafting intervention. Most patients return to work or to normal activities within 2-3 days after bone grafting surgery. Of course, the response to surgery and subsequent recovery varies from patient to patient.
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
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