What is a mammogram:
A mammogram is a special type of x-ray made to the breast, using special equipment that can often reveal tumors that are too small to be palpated. Mammography is the best method available today that can detect radiological early breast cancer. It is an ideal method and it is indispensable for women older than 40 years who have an increased risk of breast cancer. The mammogram procedure itself is relatively simple. Most breast diseases are not malignant and even if the rest of diseases are cancer over 90% are curable if detected early and treated promptly. Regular monitoring using mammography is the best way to discover breast cancer earlier, before signs or symptoms of cancer appear.
What is mammogram procedure:
A mammogram is done with a special procedure called mammography radiology .To achieve optimal exposure it is necessary to compress the breast. Processing and developing the film are rigorously controlled to obtain the best image quality. A mammogram is not painful. Some women may have a slight discomfort but only temporarily during breast pressing by machine, process necessary to obtain a clear and accurate image. Mammograms are used to diagnose changes or abnormalities of the structure detected by clinical examination or breast self-exam, and often requires more than 2 exposures that were used as screening to detect early, unsuspected cancer. To view the internal structure of the breast there are two exposures for each breast. A mammogram is quick and easy and takes only a few seconds. You will be asked to remove your clothes from the upper body, including jewelry and metal objects around the neck.Then you will just have to sit in front of a radiological device. A radiologist technician will place your breast between two plastic plates. The plates will easy press the breast and flatten it just enough for breast tissue to be best viewed on mammography.The technician will make two x-ray exposures for each breast (and will reposition) to have a complete view of the entire gland.
After a mammogram:
If the mammogram is normal, no further tests are required. Most changes in the breasts are not malignant and most women will not detect breast cancer while making a routine regular mammograms. If a mammogram is normal it may be repeated every two years for women aged between 40 and 50 years, and once a year for women who have more than 50 years, or depending on how will consider the radiologist. Sometimes the radiologist may prescribe an additional mammogram or ultrasound of the breast , which is not a replacement for mammography, but is complementary to the information obtained using mammography.
If cancer is found in the breast after a mammogram, there are multiple treatment options, including surgery, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, and chemotherapy.
A mammogram can detect 85% of breast tumors and the results are better if screening is correlated with physical examination. Mammography is a real advantage for breast cancer diagnosis in an early stage, in a phase in which it is possible to remove only a small part of the mammary gland with a higher probability of healing.
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
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