Eczema or dermatitis is an inflammatory skin condition type, characterized by successive polymorphic type lesions: erythema, papule, vesicle, squamous type symptoms associated with pruritus. From the epidemiological point of view, eczema is one of the most common dermatological condition. It’s evolution is most often relapsing, and the causes are many, both external (exogenous) and internal (endogenous). Also, there are a number of genetic disorders that can present at eczematous reactions: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome, Leiner’s disease associated with impaired C3, mucopolysaccharidosis, Hartnup disease, histiocytosis X, acrodermatitis enteropathica, etc . In eczema genesis occurs: an allergen action and an existence of allergic area (eczema). In terms of area, can be hereditary factors (atopic eczema), an individual predisposition due to internal imbalances (endocrine, digestive, neuropsychological) and local or external factors (sweating, seborrhea, dry, trauma, scratching, cold or heat, sunlight, contact with irritants, skin infections). Whatever the cause, eczema are worsened by some soaps, detergents, hydrocarbons and other chemicals applied to the skin, chronic digestive disorders, endocrine imbalances and neuropsychological disorders. In terms of evolution, eczema can be acute or chronic, but there are and intermediate forms.
Clinical manifestations of eczema are polymorphic and they pass through successive stages: vesicular, juice, scaling, lichenification (if has chronicity). We also have seborrheic eczema. Seborrheic eczema affects regions rich in sebaceous glands such as the face, scalp, upper back, big folds and is defined by erythematous lesions, relatively well defined and covered with yellowish scales, fat.
The treatment and control of eczema is not always as easy as we expected and the patients with severe forms of eczema may require a lot of attention. The most important aspect in treating eczema is to keep your skin moisturized at all times. Dry skin is a major problem for people with eczema, so it is very important for them to avoid anything that will dry the skin. For some people keeping the skin well hydrated is sufficient to control the rash, but most often, certain symptoms will be controlled by a special cream. Unfortunately, there is no definitive treatment for this condition. One of the most difficult aspects involved in treating eczema, is that it seems to come and go.
Eczema is a common disease and troublesome to be treated because of its various symptoms and should be carefully considered by dermatologist and treated properly and promptly.
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