Who gets laryngeal cancer?
Before we talk about laryngeal cancer we will explain what are the larynx functions. The larynx, also called the voice box of the body is an organ located between the trachea and tongue base. The larynx is responsible for the phonation performed by the vocal cord vibrations. Also, through larynx the air is directed to trachea during inspiration (and not in the esophagus and stomach) and during swallowing, the larynx will close the trachea to prevent the food aspiration.
Cancer of the larynx is a rare type of malignant tumor that develops most frequently in men, especially after age 60, smoking being the main factor of the development of laryngeal tumor.
Laryngeal cancer symptoms:
Symptoms of the laryngeal cancer that should alarm the patient are : the change of voice, the swallowing pain, the appearance of nodules in the neck ,the breathing difficulty, ear pain, fatigue, anorexia, body weight changes.
Laryngeal cancer treatment:
The treatment of the early stage of laryngeal cancer provides a good survival rate. Base treatment consists of surgical removal of malignant tissue (surgery – endoscopic resection, partial laryngectomy, total laryngectomy) and can be completed by radio / chemotherapy.
Laryngeal cancer risk factor:
There is not an actual cause responsible for the development of laryngeal tumor, but there were identified a number of risk factors that increase a person’s chance of developing this type of tumor: smoking, alcohol, diet, occupational exposure to certain substances.
Laryngeal cancer screening:
- Laryngoscopy: inserting a thin tube with a light at the end through the nasal passages to the larynx to view this organ;
- Fibroscopy: allows video-assisted visualization of the larynx;
- Biopsy: taking a fragment of tissue suspected to be abnormal. It can be made to the larynx level by endoscopic technique;
- CT, MRI: Computed tomography is the technique that uses X-rays from different angles to analyze the structure of certain anatomic regions and may reveal the presence of a tumor but also its extension. MRI may be recommended when CT is inconclusive.
This blog post is an educational resource only and does not replace a medical consultation with a doctor .
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